Functional Training vs. Weight Training
Functional training originated as a form of injury rehabilitation with exercises that are relevant to the movements of everyday life. Many traditional workout programs limit performance in specific hobbies, sports or daily movements, but functional fitness develops basic motor patterns to work at a higher capacity. Each functional exercise uses complete muscle activation and a purposeful movement pattern which allows for maximum strength gains.
Traditional weight training often only works one muscle at a time which is contradictory to the normal coordinated effort used to complete most activities. This type of training is more likely to lead to overuse injuries, muscular imbalances, and limit movement and strength gains.
|Traditional Weight Training||Functional Training|
|Focuses on one muscle at a time||Use of many muscles simultaneously|
|Seated or supported position||Need to stabilize self|
|Overuses forward/backward plane of motion||Uses all three planes of motion equally|
|Slow movement speeds for machine reps||Mirrors movement of every day life|
|Not related to movements of everyday life||Core muscles actively engaged|
|Resultsin tightening of muscles||Allows for maximum strength capacity|
|Un-chanllenging postural situations||Improves posture and body position|
|Range of motion restricted||Complete activation of muscles|
|Develop more bulging, bulky, swollen muscles||Longer more natural looking muscles|
|Can lead to muscular imbalances/overuse issues||Helps prevent injuries|
|Controlled and less effective movement pattern||Purposeful movement pattern|
|Shortening of muscle tissue||Lengthening of muscle tissue|